The SC (Supreme Court) challenged the laws of Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu government for “Jallikattu,” the bull-taming sport for Bullock Cart Racing festival. On Tuesday, the apex court requested for a bench of five judges constitution for reserving its orders under the new laws that are raising concerns for using animals in such festivals.
The bench will be headed by Dipak Misra, the Chief Justice of India, and others will analyze and pass judgment on whether Tamil Nadu as a state has the legislative competency to include “Jallikattu” and use bulls under cultural rights and Constitutional Article 29(1). The states like Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu revised the law (Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act) and permitted bullock cart racing and Pongal festival. Another question the bench will analyze is whether the state law can amend the basis of central law with the constitutional article 254, which states separation of powers and ask for protection under it.
The bench mentions ending the long controversy of the two states (Maharashtra & Tamil Nadu) where they’ve been permitting for using animals for festivals to protect the cultural rights of a particular community of the society or section.
Shekhar Naphade and Mukul Rohatgi the senior advocates for Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu debated in support to the state law that powers of law-making by the states should not be condensed. Mukul also mentioned that since 2,500 long years, Jallikattu is the part of the state’s cultural custom. There are rules in order to safeguard the bulls from hurting during the activity.
Earlier, the plea by Tamil Nadu Government was dismissed by the court on looking at the judgment in 2014, where using of bulls for events like Jallikattu or bullock cart races were banned throughout the country under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. The bench will now review the entire controversy and pass its judgment in order to end the controversy.