ICT (information and communication technology) will eventually serve to enhance occupations all over the globe, only if digital sources are available and the hurdle of digital divide is dealt with, a latest report of the UN on the ICT has claimed. As per the Measuring the Information Society Report 2017, rolled out by the ITU (International Telecommunication Union), simultaneous improvements in the big data analytics, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, and cloud computing, will allow tremendous innovations and fundamentally transform government, business, and society.
On the other hand, the digital divide stays a hurdle that requires to be addressed, since the digital economy and the ICT will have the latent to change the lives of millions only if digital sources are available, claimed Zhao Houlin, the Secretary-General of ITU. The report discovers substantial differences between geographic areas in the stages of ICT development. It also finds significant differences in the knowledge of individual nations within each area, which are chiefly related with levels of economic growth.
The slightest developed nations, which have made progress over the years in enhancing ICT connectivity and infrastructure, still carry on to lag behind on main indicators that can manipulate their place in the digital development, such as having the lowest figures amongst Internet consumers. Worldwide, more than 50% of households now have authorization to the Internet, although the rate of development seems to have dropped under 5% a year. The report also verifies on a noteworthy progress in terms of reducing the gap of gender digital divide all over the areas.
To control the advantages of a digital revolution, nations will require to make easy the exploitation of next-gen service infrastructures and network. They will also need to look on policies contributing to innovation and experimentation, while justifying potential dangers to privacy, information security, and employment, the report claims. This year, Iceland leads the list in the ICT Development Index of ITU, followed by Switzerland and Republic of Korea, while Europe has the most average rescore value amongst world areas.
As the flagship publication of ITU, the yearly Measuring the Information Society Report is documented as the most reliable repository of analysis and data on the state of worldwide ICT growth.